Despite progress over the last two decades, Uganda still faces enormous development challenges. Nearly 37 percent of Ugandans live in poverty, and 80% of the population remains dependent on agriculture for their livelihoods. As result of civil war and the HIV’AIDS crisis, there are over two million orphans in Uganda. Similarly, 60 percent of children under 5 years of age have no access to basic health care or educational opportunities, and there is declining participation by students continuing their education beyond primary school, especially in rural areas. Overall, medical facilities in Uganda are poor, even in the capital of Kampala. The country has few public hospitals which generally provide only limited services to the general population. To fill the gap, several local and international investors have constructed private hospitals and dental clinics to serve wealthy and middle-class Ugandans, along with expatriates. Many expatriates and wealthy Ugandans nevertheless leave Uganda for complex medical procedures. Yet for average citizens, quality health care is largely out of their reach.